Greek Gods and Goddesses (A-Z): Myth Guide

Greek Gods and Goddesses Names Powers

The names of Greek Gods and Goddesses mentioned in this list will probably surprise a few readers, even those of you who think you’re well versed in the Greek myths.

It’s not all about the twelve Olympian Gods. In actual fact there are a huge number of deities linked to the Greek myths.

Have you ever heard of Acis? What about Alcyone? If you haven’t then you’ll soon gain a small insight into who they are and what powers they once possessed. The Greeks and Romans were paranoid about everything.

A – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Aceso – Goddess of healing wounds and curing illness.

Achelois – Minor Goddess of the Moon. The English translation of her name means “she who drives away pain” which is probably why she’s also related to healing.

Achelous – God of the Achelous River, which is the largest river in Greece. He’s the chief of all river deities with thousands of brothers, since every river has its own spirit.

Achlys – The Goddess of Misery. It’s not all good with the Greek Gods and Goddesses.

Acis (aka Acinius, Akis) – God of the Acis River in easten Sicily, near Mount Etna.

The Sicilian youth Acis was beloved by the sea nymph Galatea, one of the Nereids. Polyphemus the Cyclop, the son of Poseidon, became extremely jealous of their love affair. Polyphemus ended up crushing Acis under a rock. The blood of Acis that gushed from his body transformed into the Acis River at the foot of mount Etna.

Aegaeon (aka Aigaion) – God of violent sea storms. He was an ally of the Titans.

Aeolus (aka Aeolos, Aiolos, Aiolus, Eolus) – God and keeper of the winds.

Aeolus was the lord of the winds and the king of the rocky floating island of Aeolia.

Odysseus and his crew visited the island during his famous odyssey home to Ithaca. Aeolus gave a bag to Odysseus which contained all of the storm-winds to ensure their safe voyage home. While sailing away his crew were overcome by curiosity, thinking the bag must have contained treasures. After they opened the bag, the strong winds escaped, which blew them back to the same isle.

Aeacus (aka Aiakos) – One of three demi-god judges of the dead residing in Hades. He was once the king of Aegina.

Aether (aka Aither, Akmon, Ether) – God of light and of upper air (atmosphere).

Ether comes from Greek mythology, which is good to know.

Aetna (aka Aitna) – Nymph Goddess of the volcano Mount Etna, located in Sicily.

Aglaia – The Goddess of beauty, splendour, glory and adornment.

Aglaia is one of three daughters to Zeus and the Oceanid Eurynome. The three sisters are known as the three Charities or Graces.

Alastor – God of vengeance and family feuds. The avenger of evil deeds.

Alcyone – One of seven daughters of the Titan Atlas and the Oceanid Pleione, who is a protectress of sailors.

Her six sisters were Electra, Taygete, Celaeno, Sterope (Asterope), Maia, and Merope. The seven sisters were known as the Pleiades.

The Pleiades star cluster (aka the Seven Sisters, Messier 45, M45) is visible from virtually every place on earth.

https://youtu.be/7BtZfRzBuCQ

 
Amphitrite (Roman name: Salacia) – Sea Goddess and wife of Poseidon. Queen of the sea.

Ananke (aka Adrastea) – Goddess of necessity, compulsion and inevitability.

Angelos (aka Angelia) – Deity of the Underworld who offered messages, tidings, and proclamations. Thought to be how the word “Angel” came about.

Anteros – God of requited love and a punisher of those who scorn love. The twin brother of Eros.

Antheia – Goddess of flowers, gardens, flowery wreaths, swamps and marshes.

Apate – The Goddess of deceit. An evil spirit. Sorry Apate.

Aphaia (aka Aphaea) – A Greek Goddess who was worshipped exclusively at a single sanctuary on the island of Aegina, which is an island relatively close to Athens.

The ruined Temple of Aphaia still stands on the island of Aegina today.

Aphrodite (Roman name: Venus) – Goddess of love, sex and beauty.

Apollo (aka Apollon) – God of the sun, the arts (music), and healing.

Ares (Roman name: Mars) – God of violent war.

Ariadne – Immortal wife of Dionysos, the God of wine.

Aristaeus (aka Aristaios) – God of bee-keeping, dairy farming and fruit trees.

Artemis (aka Cynthia, Roman name: Diana) – Virginal Goddess of the hunt and moon. Her divine twin brother is Apollo.

Asclepius (aka Aesculapius, Asklepios) – God of health and medicine. The son of Apollo.

Asteria (aka Asterie) – Titan Goddess of the stars, especially of falling stars.

This is how the word “asteroid” came about.

Astraea (aka Astrea, Astraia) – Goddess of innocence, purity and justice. Her name means “Star Maiden”.

The last of the immortals to live with humans during the Golden Age, however she left in disgust during the wickedness of the bronze age. Zeus is thought to have set her amongst the stars as the constellation Virgo. Her parents were Astraeus and Eos, the Titan Goddess of the dawn.

Astraeus (aka Astraios) – Titan God of astrology and dusk.

The word “astrology” was obviously derived from his name.

Até (aka Ate, Atë, Aite) – Goddess of mischief, delusion, rash action, infatuation, evil, ruin and folly. Yikes!

Athena (aka Athene; Roman name: Minerva, Menerva) – Goddess of wisdom and strategic war.

Atlas – Titan God who carried the weight of the sky on his shoulders.

 
Atropos (aka Aisa; Roman name: Morta) – The oldest of the Three Moirai (or Moerae), often known in English as the Fates. She cut the thread of life and chose the way a person would die. In other words she’s the Goddess of death. Scary stuff.

Aura – Goddess of the gentle cool breeze.

I have to say there are lots of Gods and Goddesses with names beginning with A.

B – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Bia – Titan Goddess of mighty force.

Her sister was Nike (Victory). Kratos (Strength) and Zelos (Power) were her brothers. They were the winged enforcers of Zeus.

Bia assisted in bringing Prometheus to his rock enslaved punishment.

Boreas (aka Aquilo, Aquilon) – Purple-winged God of the North Wind and winter. He’s one of the four seasonal Anemoi (Wind Gods).

The name Northern Lights or Aurora Borealis (“Dawn of the North”) is derived from Aurora, the Roman name for the Goddess of Dawn (known as Eos in Greek myth), combined with Boreas, the Greek God of the North Wind.

 
Britomartis – Goddess of the mountain ranges and hunting. She was mainly revered on Crete.

Brizo – Greek Goddess who protected mariners, sailors, and fishermen. Worshipped primarily by the women on the isle of Delos.

C – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Caerus – (aka Kairos, Roman name: Occasio, Tempus) – God of luck and favourable opportunity.

Calliope – The Muse of epic poetry.

Calypso (aka Kalypso) – Immortal beautiful goddess-nymph who kept Odysseus with her for seven years.

Castor (aka Castore, Kastor) – Leda was seduced by Zeus in the form of a swan. She gave birth to twin sons Castor and Pollux (Greek name: Polydeuces) who became the constellation of Germini.

Celaeno – She’s one of the Pleiades or Seven Sisters, a group of stars on the shoulder of the Bull.

Cerus – A wild bull tamed by Persephone and turned into the Taurus constellation.

Ceto (aka Keto) – The Goddess of sea-monsters.

Chaos (aka Khaos) – The nothingness from which all else sprang from.

Charon (aka Charun) – The Ferryman of Hades who had to be paid in order to cross the River Styx.

Chione (aka Khione) – Goddess of snow and the daughter of Boreas, God of the North Wind.

Chronos (aka Chronus, Khronos) – God of time.

Circe (aka Kirke) – Beautiful goddess-enchantress. Goddess of magic and sorcery. She transformed Odysseus’s crew into pigs.

Cleo (aka Clio, Kleio) – The Muse of History.

Clotho (Roman name: Nona) – One of the Three Fates. She was the spinner of the thread of life.

Clymene – Titan Goddess of renown, fame, and infamy.

Crios – Giant crab who protected the sea nymphs. Turned into the Cancer constellation.

Crius (aka Crios, Kreios, Krios) – Titan God of the constellations.

Cronus (aka Cronos, Kronos, Roman name: Saturn) – Father of Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, and Zeus.

D – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Deimos – The God of Fear, Dread and Terror.

Probably how the word “demon” came about.

Delphin – God of dolphins.

Demeter (Roman name: Ceres) – Goddess of the harvest.

Despoina (aka Despoena, Despoine) – Goddess of the Arcadian Mysteries.

Dike (aka Dice) – Goddess of justice and moral order. Her sisters are Eirene (Peace) and Eunomia (Law & Order).

Dinlas – Guardian God of the ancient city of Lamark, where wounded heroes could go to heal after battle.

Dione – Titan Goddess of the oracle of Dodona in Thesprotia.

Dionysus – (aka Dionysos, Roman name: Bacchus) – God of wine and mad pleasure.

Doris – Wife of Nerius and mother of the fifty Nereids.

E – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Eileithyia (aka Ilithyia, Roman name: Lucina) – Greek Goddess of childbirth and midwifery.

Eirene (aka Irene, Roman name: Pax) – Goddess of Peace.

Eirene was one of the Goddesses of the seasons, known as the Horae (Horai), mentioned all the way back in Hesiod’s Theogony, c. 700 BCE. The three of them include Eunomia (Law and Order), Dike (Justice), and Eirene (Peace).

Eireisone – The sacred ceremonial olive branch was attributed to her.

Electra (aka Elektra) – One of the seven Pleiades.

Electra means “sparkling”.

Electryone (aka Alectrona, Electryo) – Goddess of the sunrise, the morning and waking up.

She was the only daughter of the sun God Titan Helios, the patron God of the Island of Rhodes, and Rhodos (or Rhode), a goddess-nymph from the same island.

Electryone was the only sister to the Heliadae, the seven sons of Helios and Rhodos.

She was once worshipped as a heroine on the island of Rhodes.

Elpis (Roman name: Spes) – The spirit of Hope.

Enyo (aka Bellona) – A War Goddess closely associated with Ares and Eris.

Eos (Roman name: Aurora) – Titan Goddess of the Dawn.

Epimetheus – Titan brother of Prometheus, Atlas and Menoetius.

His name is derived from the Greek word meaning ‘afterthought’ associating him with excuses. Prometheus, means ‘forethought’.

Erato – The Muse of love poetry.

Erebus (aka Erebos) – God of darkness.

Eris (Roman name: Discordia) – Goddess of strife. Has a close relationship with Enyo, the War Goddess associated with Ares and Eris.

Eros (Roman name: Amor, Cupid) – God of love, desire and attraction.

 
Eunomia – Goddess of lawfulness and good order. Sister to Dike (Justice) and Eirene (Peace).

The three sisters are known as the Horae (Horai). They are Goddesses of the seasons and keepers of the gates of heaven.

Eurus (aka Euros; Roman name: Vulturnus) – Greek God of the East Wind. He’s one of the four seasonal Anemoi (Wind Gods).

Eurynome – Titaness and mother of the three Charities fathered by Zeus.

Euterpe – The Muse of lyric poetry.

G – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Gaia (aka Gaea) – Goddess of the Earth (Mother Earth). Mother of the Titans.

Ganymede – Given immortality and made cup-bearer of the Gods.

Glaucus (aka Glaukos) – A mortal fisherman who transformed into a prophetic sea-god after eating a magical herb. He became the patron god of fishermen.

H – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Hades (Roman name: Pluto) – God of the dead and king of the Underworld.

Harmonia (Roman name: Concordia) – Goddess of Harmony and Concord. She’s the opposite of Eris (strife).

Hebe (Roman name: Juventas) – Wife of Heracles. Goddess of youth.

Hecate (aka Hekate, Roman name: Trivia) – Goddess of magic, witchcraft and ghosts.

Hedone (Roman name: Voluptas) – Goddess of pleasure, enjoyment and delight. The daughter of Eros (Cupid) and Psyche.

Helios – God of the Sun.

Hemera – Goddess of the day.

Hephaestus (aka Hephaistos; Roman name: Vulcan) – God of fire, metalworking and crafts. He created weapons for the 12 Olympians.

Hera (Roman name: Juno) – Goddess of women, marriage and family. Wife of Zeus.

Heracles (aka Herakles; Roman name: Hercules) – Immortal hero famous for the twelve labours. The strongest man on Earth. God of strength.

Hermes (Roman name: Mercury) – God of commerce and travel. Messenger of the Gods.

 
Hesperus (Roman name: Vesper) – The personification of the Evening Star.

Hestia (Roman name: Vesta) – Goddess of the hearth and home.

Hygieia (aka Hygiea) – Goddess of hygeine and good health.

Hymenaios (aka Hymen, Hymenaeus) – God of marriage ceremonies.

Hyperion – Titan God of heavenly light.

Hypnos – God of sleep.

I – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Iris – Goddess of rainbows. Messenger of the Gods. She gave me a message when I hiked Mount Olympus.

K – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Kotys (aka Cotys) – Goddess of the wilds.

Kratos (aka Cratos) – Titan God of strength and power.

L – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Lacheses – (aka Lakhesis; Roman name: Decima) One of the three Morai (Fates). She allotted fate by the will of the Gods.

Laso (aka Leso) – The Goddess of recuperation from illness.

Lyssa (aka Lytta) – Goddess of rage. She often worked together with Mania.

M – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Maia – One of the seven Pleiades.

Mania (aka Maniae, Maniai) – Goddess of madness and insanity.

Melpomene – The Muse of tragedy.

Merope – One of the seven Pleiades.

Metis – Titan Goddess of wisdom.

Momus (aka Momos) – God of satire and mockery.

Morpheus – God of dreams and sleep. Best represented in The Matrix.

N – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Nemesis – Goddess of retribution and vengeance.

Nereus – Titan sea God and father of the fifty Nereids.

Nike (Roman name: Victoria) – Goddess of Victory.

Notus (aka Notos) – The South Wind. One of the Anemoi (Wind-Gods).

Nyx (Roman name: Nox) – Goddess of night.

O – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Oceanus – Titan who was the son of Uranus (Heaven) and Gaea (Earth). This is obviously how the word “ocean” came about.

P – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Pallas – The Titan of warcraft.

Pan (Roman name: Faunus) – God of wild nature. Pan ruled over shepherds and hunters. The bottom half of his body was that of a goat.

Panacea (aka Panakeia) – Goddess of univeral remedy. Her sisters included Aceso, Hygieia, Laso and Agleao.

Peitho (aka Peitha) – Goddess of persuasion and seduction.

Persephone (Roman name: Proserpina) – Wife of Hades. Queen of the Underworld. Goddess of Spring.

Pheme (Roman name: Fama) – Goddess of fame and gossip.

Phosphorus (aka Phosphor, Latin name: Lucifer) – The morning star. The “bringer of light”.

Plutus (aka Ploutos) – God of wealth.

Pollux (aka Polydeuces) – Twin brother of Castor. One of the twins who represent Gemini.

Polyhymnia (aka Polymnia) – The Muse of sacred hymns.

Pontus (aka Pontos) – A primordial God of the sea. The creator of fish and other sea creatures.

Poseidon (Roman name: Neptune) – God of the sea and earthquakes.

Priapus (aka Priapos) – Minor God of fertility and vegetable gardens known for having a very large penis.

Pricus – Half fish and half goat with the ability to manipulate time.

Prometheus – Creator of mankind who was punished for giving fire to humans.

 
Proteus – Proteus was a prophetic old sea-god and the herdsman of Poseidon’s seals.

R – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Rhea (aka Cybele) – Titan wife of Cronus. She had six children including Hestia, Hades, Demeter, Poseidon, Hera and Zeus.

S – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Selene (Roman name: Luna) – Titan Goddess of the moon.

Sterope (aka Asterope) – One of the seven Pleiades.

Styx – Titan Goddess of sacred oaths.

T – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Tartarus – Primeval god of the dark hellish pit of Hades.

Taygete – One of the seven Pleiades.

Terpsichore – The Muse of Dancing.

 
Thalassa – The consort of Pontus.

Thalia – The Muse of Comedy.

Thanatos (Roman name: Mors) – The personification of death. Thanatos was the son of Nyx, the Goddess of night. His twin brother was Hypnos, the God of sleep.

Themis – Goddess of divine order, law and custom. Her symbols are the Scales of Justice. You will see her near law courts.

Thetis – Sea nymph and mother of Achilles. She’s one of the fifty Nereids. Considered to be the most prominent.

Triton – Messenger of the sea. Son of Poseidon and Amphitrite.

Tech (Roman name: Fortuna) – Goddess of fortune and prosperity.

Typhon (aka Typhaon, Typhoeus, Typhos) – God of monsters who battled for control of Mount Olympus.

U – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Urania – The Muse of Astronomy and Astrology.

Uranus – (aka Ouranos; Roman name: Caelus) – God of the sky and heavens. Father of the Titans.

Z – Names of Greek Gods and Goddesses

Zelus (aka Zelos) – The God of rivalry, jealousy, envy and zeal.

Zephyrus (aka Zephyros, Zephyr; Roman name: Favonius) – The West Wind. One of the Anemoi (Wind-Gods).

Zeus – (Roman name: Jupiter) – God of lightning and thunder. King of heaven. Ruler of the Olympians.

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Greek Gods and Goddesses A to Z Myth Guide